Enabling TLS 1.2 in your .NET framework applications

A functionality of one of the products I’m working on suddenly stopped working without any code changes on our side. Our application connects to a web service to get some data and that no longer worked, our customers getting the following error in their logs “The underlying connection was closed: An unexpected error occurred on a send.” The first thing to do was checking whether the web service was still up and running as expected. The requests made with SoapUI or Postman were all successful, so it was actually something in our application that was actually wrong. So I decided to use Fiddler to look at how our requests look and what do we get back.

Unit testing non-public types and members for .NET projects

Unit testing is usually used for testing public types and members. However, there are cases when you might need to test types or members that are not public. These could be internal classes or private helper methods, for instance. Whether that is proper unit testing or beyond its scope is not a discussion that I want to get into here. However, in this post, I will show how you can unit test non-public types and members from .NET assemblies.

When faced with the need for testing non-public types and members you can use several approaches:

  • change the accessibility to public; you can do that perhaps only for debug builds and keep the intended accessibility in release builds by using conditional compilation.
  • provide public members of a class that invoke private ones;
  • use reflection.

The first solutions involve changing the API only for the sake of the testing. The last solution avoids that but requires more work. To help with that, the Visual Studio unit testing framework provides some helper types that enable you to focus on the actual testing and be less concerned about the reflection details.

May good reads

Here is my list of good reads from May: Non-Ownership and Generic Programming and Regular types, oh my! Using C++17 std::optional Error Handling and std::optional std::accumulate vs. std::reduce How to Make SFINAE Pretty – Part 1: What SFINAE Brings to Code How to Make SFINAE Pretty – Part 2: the Hidden Beauty of SFINAE How…

Visual Studio 2017 Releases

Microsoft recently announced that it released version 15.5 of Visual Studio 2017 (and Visual Studio for Mac version 7.3). There are various improvements to performance and diagnostics (such as cutting the solution load times for large C# and VB projects by half), new features for C#, C++, F# development, and others. You can read the…

How to determine what CLR versions are installed using C++

You may have multiple versions of the .NET framework installed and used on your machine. The framework has two components: the set of assemblies that provide functionalities for your application, and the common language runtime (CLR) that handles the execution of the application. These two components are versioned separately. If you what to see what…

Inline out variables and ref locals and returns in C# 7

In C#, function parameters can be declared with the ref or out modifier, the former indicating that a value is already set and the function can read and write it, and the later that the value is not set and the function must do so before returning. As a side note, there is a good…

CategoriesC#

TDD with Live Unit Testing in Visual Studio 2017

Visual Studio 2017 Enterprise provides a feature called Live Unit Testing that enables developers to see live how changing C# and VB.NET code affects its corresponding unit tests. Among its features, it includes showing coverage information in the editor as you type, integration with the Test Explorer, including/excluding targeted test methods or projects for large…

C# Interactive Window in Visual Studio 2015 Update 1

The C# Interactive window has been made available again in Visual Studio with the first update to 2015, this time as a REPL window. You can type or paste and execute C# code, and it includes support for adding references to external DLLs and using namespaces. The window is intended for rapid prototyping C# code….