T4 Lessons Learned

Working with T4 recently I learned a couple of valuable lessons I’d like to share. Lesson 1: Template Language One of the parameters of the language directive is the language, which specifies the language used in the code blocks of the template. Two languages are specified, C# and VB.

However, any attempts to use…

WinRT and winmd Files

If you tried the Win8 Developer Preview and built WinRT components (native or managed) you noticed the .winmd files. The name stands for Windows Meta Data and the format of these files is the same used by the .NET framework for the CLI, i.e. ECMA-335. That means you can actually read these files with a…

Accessing 64-bit Native COM Server From a Managed Client

Not long ago I ran into a COM interop problem that was a bit tricky to fix. So I’m sharing the problem and the solution here in case others encounter the same problem. I had this native in-proc COM server that initially was built only for x86. It was used in a native MFC application…

Weasel Implementation in C#

In the book The Blind Watchmaker, Richard Dawkins explains how evolution happens through accumulated small random variations (or mutations) filtered by the natural selection, as opposed to the mainstream misinterpretation that evolution happens in big leaps. He proposes a computer program, called weasel, to demonstrate how the accumulated small improvements (mutations that bring a benefit…

CategoriesC#

Interface Implementation in C#

I recently found a piece of code that can be summarized by the following sample:

As you can see there is an interface I that has two methods, F1 and F2. A is derived from X, that has a method F2, and also implements I, but only contains F1. I was puzzled at first,…

Using ColorMatrix for Creating Negative Image

.NET provides two classes for image transformations: Matrix, used for geometric transformations, and ColorMatrix, used for color transformations. One of such color transformations is inverting or negating. This means subtracting each color component from 255. Black (0,0,0) becomes White (255, 255, 255), and Green (0, 255, 0) becomes Magenta (255, 0, 255). You can find…

DotNetZip Library

.NET 3.0 provides some support for working with ZIP files. However, it has an important drawback: it only works for packages that are conformant to the Open Packaging Convention standard. Most of the ZIP files are not. Codeplex features a library called DotNetZip that provides support for packing and unpacking in C#, VB.NET or any…

STM.NET

Microsoft has made available a first beta version of an experimental version of .NET 4.0, called .NET Framework 4.0 Beta 1 Enabled for Software Transactional Memory v1.0. Since that is quite a long name, the short one is STM.NET. This is a special version of .NET 4.0 that enables software transactional memory for C#. It…

.NET out string[] to Automation SAFEARRAY**

.NET allows you to expose components as COM and consume them from unmanaged code. There are many references on how to this (and you can only start with MSDN), and I will not talk about that part. What I want to explain here is something different. Suppose you have this interface:

Method GetUsers() returns…

More About Code Contracts

In a recent post I wrote about Code Contracts in .NET. Now you can find a more detailed article on this topic at sharparena.com. In this article I’m providing more information and examples on: pre-conditions post-conditions object invariants asserts and assumptions quantifiers In additions, you should check the official user documentation, which can be found…